Vol. 2, Issue 2, Part B (2014)
Prevalence of knee osteoarthritis in patients visiting NIUM hospital Bangalore
Author(s): Mohd Shadab, M. Zulkifle, A.H. Ansari, Malik Itrat
Abstract: Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common type of arthritis and knee OA, being highly prevalent, accounts for as much or more lower extremity disability in community-dwelling older adults than any other disease. As a larger proportion of the elderly population in developed countries increasingly lives to an extreme old age, OA will be more prevalent and will be an important cause of disability in the future. The study is carried out to measure the prevalence of disease in the adult population of Bangalore. A cross-sectional study was conducted in the NIUM, Hospital, for a period of 1 year. A total of 507 patients were included. A predesigned and pre-tested semi structured schedule, was used to estimate the prevalence of disease. The collected data was evaluated and presented in the form of tables in accordance to the purpose of study. The overall prevalence of knee osteoarthritis in the study population was 83.23%. The prevalence in females was higher in comparison to males. According to Kellgren-Lawrence grading system of osteoarthritis based on radiographic findings. Maximum patients were of Grade II i.e. 40.82% (207) followed by 25.64% (130) in Grade I, 15.78% (80) in Grade III and 5(0.99%) patients in Grade IV. The present study showed that knee osteoarthritis is one of the most common problems in Bangalore. Female predisposition was seen. The risk factors of the disease are advancing age, obesity and low socioeconomic status.
How to cite this article:
Mohd Shadab, M. Zulkifle, A.H. Ansari, Malik Itrat . Prevalence of knee osteoarthritis in patients visiting NIUM hospital Bangalore. 2014; 2(2): 61-64.