Vol. 3, Issue 4, Part A (2015)
Flora of Bader Al-Jadida County, western high mountains of Amman city/Jordan
Author(s): Sawsan Atallah Saleh Oran
Abstract: The flora of Bader Al-Jadida County, high mountains, west of the capital Amman /Jordan has been evaluated. The flowering plant specimen have been collected from the area and identified. A number of 259 species and 2 subspecies belong to 179 genera and 44 families are recorded. Photographs of some selected common plant species in the study area as well as photographs for some natural views are demonstrated, with emphasis on the topography of the heights that are dominated by forest stands of typically Mediterranean vegetation elements of mixed ever-green and deciduous oak trees of Quercus coccifera and Q. ithaburensis, Amygdalus communis, Crataegus aronia and Pyrus syriaca, shrubs and cultivated tress like, grape vines, Olive trees, fig trees (Ficus indica), pomegranate trees (Punica granatum) and mulberries trees (Morus alba and M. nigra). The study area is blessed by lots of aromatic plant species like Lonicera etrusca, Calicotome villosa, Thymus capitatus,Varthemia iphionoides, Narcissus tazetta and others, orchid species, Mentha aquatica and others. Lots of medicinal plants are also recorded in the study area, that are still used in folk medicine by the local people like Varthemia iphionoides, Arum palaestinum, Vinca herbacea, Dittrichia viscosa,, Achillea santolina, Bongardia chrysogonum, Thymus capitatus and others. Many recorded species are edible plants like Cyclamen persicum, the shrubby raspberry Rubus sanguineous, Capparis spinosa, Pyrus syriaca, Crataegus aronia, Gundelia tournefortii, Rhus coriaria, Thymus capitatus, Malva sylvestrisand some others. A number of showy, rare and endangered aromatic plant species are recorded like Orchis antolica, Narcissus tazetta, Sternbergia clusiana, Tulipa agenesis, Styrax officinalis and Lonicera etrusca. Few standsof Pistacia atlantica and P. palaestina treesare also recorded.
How to cite this article:
Sawsan Atallah Saleh Oran. Flora of Bader Al-Jadida County, western high mountains of Amman city/Jordan. International Journal of Herbal Medicine. 2015; 3(4): 49-59.