Vol. 5, Issue 1, Part A (2017)
Comparative micro morphological and microscopic evaluation of Croton tiglium Linn. and Baliospermum montanum Muell.-Arg. seeds
Author(s): Shweta R Vekariya, Switu Jani, Krushnkumar Taviad, Harisha CR and Acharya RN
Abstract: The seeds of Croton tiglium Linn. and Baliospermum montanum Muell.-Arg., belongs to Euphorbiaceae family, are considered to be the botanical source of Ayurvedic raw drug Dantibeeja, for the management of various disorders. The similarities and dissimilarities between the two seed drugs can be well studied through pharmacognostical investigations. The present study was carried out to compare the micro-morphological characteristics of C. tiglium and B. montanum seed. The seeds were collected from the authenticated botanical sources and evaluated for their morphological, microscopical and quantitative microscopic characters following standard procedures. The transverse section of both the seed samples revealed the presence of aleurone grains, epidermis of cotyledon, epidermis of testa, rosette crystals of calcium oxalate, endosperm cells and oil globules. Micro morphological study results showed that the seeds of C tiglium are greater than that of B. montanum. Microscopical characters depicted the presence of rosette crystals of calcium oxalate and secretary cavity in C. tiglium whereas prismatic crystals in B. montanum. The seeds of C. tiglium and B. montanum differ from each other both in morphological as well as microscopic characters.
How to cite this article:
Shweta R Vekariya, Switu Jani, Krushnkumar Taviad, Harisha CR and Acharya RN. Comparative micro morphological and microscopic evaluation of Croton tiglium Linn. and Baliospermum montanum Muell.-Arg. seeds. International Journal of Herbal Medicine. 2017; 5(1): 18-24.