Vol. 7, Issue 6, Part A (2019)
Pharmacognostical and phytochemical screening of Chrysanthemum indicum leaf extract
Author(s): Apurva Jadhav and Kirti Godse
Abstract: Chrysanthemum indicum is a perennial herb belonging to the family Asteracea. It usually blooms from August to October. Chrysanthemum indicum is an erect, aromatic, perennial plant producing a clump of stems 25-100 cm tall from procumbent rhizomes. The whole plant is blood tonic, depurative, febrifuge and vulnerary. It is used for detoxifying, and dissipating blood stasis. The leaves are depurative. They are used in China in the treatment of migraine. The Photomicrographic evaluation revealed interesting microscopic characteristic. The transverse section of leaf is dorsiventral consists of midrib and lamina. Calcium-oxalate crystals were found in spongy parenchyma. Chrysanthemum indicum leaf surface contains simple, unicellular covering trichomes and paracytic type of stomata. Covering trichomes are more in number as compared to glandular trichomes. Midrib contains centrally located vascular bundle which is collateral surrounded by some parenchymatous cell. Phytochemical screening of aqueous of leaf showed the presence of glycoside, and ethanolic extract of leaf showed the presence of glycosides, tannins and flavonoids. % Loss on drying of the powder was found to be 33%. The ash value of powder of Chrysanthemum indicum leaf was determined as total ash, water soluble ash and acid insoluble ash and was found to be 9.20%, 2.05%, 8.71%respectively. The acid soluble extractive value and water soluble extractive value was found to be 16.8% and 13.9% respectively. Phytochemical investigation of extracts of Chrysanthemum indicum shows that aqueous extract contains glycosides, while ethanolic extract shows presence of glycosides, flavonoids and tannins
How to cite this article:
Apurva Jadhav and Kirti Godse. Pharmacognostical and phytochemical screening of Chrysanthemum indicum leaf extract. International Journal of Herbal Medicine. 2019; 7(6): 51-56.