"International Journal of Herbal Medicine"

Volume 1, Issue 3

Determination of cytotoxicity and chemical identities in natural plants and callus cultures of Spilanthes paniculata Wall. ex DC.

Author(s): Kulathilaka PS 1 and senarath, WTPSK 1
1. Department of Botany, University of Sri Jayewardenepura, Nugegoda, Sri Lanka.

Abstract: Plants have been extensively used for medicinal purposes and human disease management since early ages, due to presence of valuable chemical identities. Present study was carried out to identify chemical identities and the cytotoxicity of Spilanthes paniculata Wall. ex DC. which belongs to family Asteraceae. This plant is commonly known as ‘Tooth-ache plant’ due to the presence of anesthetic properties. A mother stock has been maintained for experiments. Leaves obtained from green-house grown plants and in vitro callus cultures of 3-weeks-old were used in this study. In vitro callus induction was optimized with leaf disc explants grown on MS medium supplemented with 0.15 mg/L of NAA and 1.50 mg/L of BA. GC-MS analysis of ethyl acetate extracts of leaf and callus samples confirmed the existence of the key chemical compound spilanthol in both samples, with significantly higher amount in fresh leaves. Cytotoxicity tests confirmed the toxicity of hexane extracts of leaf and callus samples against late third/ early fourth instar larvae of Aedes aegypti and nuaplii of Artemia salina (100% mortality with 800 µg/mL). Leaf extracts were found to be highly toxic (70% mortality with 100 ppm for A. aegypti and 100% mortality with 800 µg/mL for nuaplii of A. salina) to both test organisms than callus extract.

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