Vol. 2, Issue 1, Part A (2014)
Inventorying Medicinal plants in Urban Homegardens of Raipur, Chhattisgarh
Author(s): Avinash Kumar Sharma, Sangeeta Bajpai, Swati Shrivastava, V. K. Kanungo
Abstract: A Survey was conducted in 100 homegardens in urban area of Raipur, Chhattisgarh for inventorying medicinal plants. Homegardens are man managed ecosystem of varying size start from 100 sq feet to 10000 sq feet recorded during the present study. Majority of the plants grown by the homegarden owner are cultivated plants, however some of them are exotic and endemic plants .These homegardens are manmade system, hence, subsidiary influx of the water and minerals was observed. Homegardens are significant means of ex-situ conservation and a repository of many of the rare medicinal and endangered plants. In present investigation inventorying of Homegardens was done in reference of medicinal plants grown and their importance as a medicine in treatment of various ailments. Present study recorded 168 medicinal plants in survey of 100 homegardens of Raipur, Chhattisgarh. Out of 168 plants maximum plants (127) belonged to the families of class dicotyledonae, while, 38 plants belonged to the families of class monocotyledonae, only 01 plant belonged to the group of Pteridophyta and 2 belonged to the Gymnosperm. Maximum number of plants 13 each belonged to the family Fabaceae and Euphorbiaceae, while minimum number of plant (01) belonged to the 44 families of class Di and Monocotyledonae. Medicinal plants growing in the homegarden were consist of medicinal value to treat ailments like Diabetes, Rheumatism, Bronchitis, Jaundice, Menstrual problems, diarrhoea, Epilepsy, Hypertension, Cancer, Hepatitis, Leprosy, Gonorrhoea, Tuberculosis, Influenza, Leucorrhoea, Syphilis, Cholera, Malaria etc. The plant part used as medicine was found to be root, rhizome, stem , bark, leaf ,fruit and seed however, the largely used part of the plant was noted as leaf (84) used as medicine. In this way homegardens are proved to be an effective means of medicinal plants conservation and this hobby of human beings can be used as protection and conservation of many of the rare plants.
How to cite this article:
Avinash Kumar Sharma, Sangeeta Bajpai, Swati Shrivastava, V. K. Kanungo. Inventorying Medicinal plants in Urban Homegardens of Raipur, Chhattisgarh. Int J Herb Med 2014;2(1):43-50.